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2013年10月自考真题:高级英语

来源:陕西专升本网 【网聚权威资讯 心系考生信仰】 发布时间:2014年04月16日 访问点击量:1075次

2013年10月自考真题:高级英语
课程代码:00600
请考生按规定用笔将所有试题的答案涂、写在答题纸上。
选择题部分
注意事项:
1. 答题前,考生务必将自己的考试课程名称、姓名、准考证号用黑色字迹的签字笔或钢笔填写在答题纸规定的位置上。
2. 每小题选出答案后,用2B铅笔把答题纸上对应题目的答案标号涂黑。如需改动,用橡皮擦干净后,再选涂其他答案标号。不能答在试题卷上。
I. Each of the following sentences is given four choices of words or expressions. Choose the right one to complete the sentence and blacken the corresponding letter on your Answer Sheet. (15 points, 1 point for each)
1.Dorothy accepted the news of war with ______ and sadness.
A. excitement
B. commitment
C. bewilderment
D. embarrassment
2. The government could face defeat if it tries to push through the ______ proposals.
A. doubtful
B. conspicuous
C. questionable
D. controversial
3. This single market is designed to ______ barriers to the free movement of goods, services and people.
A. terminate
B. abolish
C. eliminate
D. exclude
4. He has emerged from being a(n) ______ and unsure candidate into a fluent debater.
A. hesitant
B. indifferent
C. pleasant
D. considerate
5.Large paintings can ______ the feeling of space in small rooms.
A. endear
B. enhance
C. enlarge
D. encourage
6. The employees’main ______ was that they had not received their pitiably low pay.
A. distrust
B. grievance
C. suspicion
D. comprehension
7. I’m ______ sorry for what I said. I really am.
A. certainly
B. generally
C. particularly
D. genuinely
8. Photographs taken by roadside cameras will soon be enough to ______ drivers for speeding.
A. dismiss
B. persecute
C. execute
D. prosecute
9. I was delighted to be a nominee and to receive such a ______ award in recognition of our company’s achievements.
A. precious
B. vigorous
C. prestigious
D. glamorous
10. Thousands of soldiers are working to ______ food and blankets to the refugees.
A. contribute
B. deliver
C. transfer
D. distribute
11. He is an outstanding goalscorer who doesn’t get the ______ he deserves.
A. recognition
B. affection
C. identification
D. realization
12. Calmly and ______, she poured petrol over the car and set it a light.
A. deliberately
B. passionately
C. desperately
D. fantastically
13. Are you looking for a temporary or a(n) ______ job?
A. ideal
B. valuable
C. decent
D. permanent
14. It is a pity that Christmas has become so ______.
A. monetized
B. economized
C. commercialized
D. materialized
15. I was determined to take the news in a calm and ______ manner.
A. surprised
B. astonishing
C. dignified
D. aggressive
Read the following passage carefully and complete the succeeding three itemsⅡ, Ⅲ, Ⅳ.
(1) The car pulled up and its driver glared at us with such sullen intensity, such hatred, that I was truly afraid for our lives. He looked like the sort of young man who might kill a president.
(2) He was glaring because we had passed him and for that offensive action he pursued us to the next stoplight so as to express his indignation and affirm his masculinity. I was with two women and was afraid for all three of us. It was nearly midnight and we were in a small, sleeping town with no other cars on the road.
(3) When the light turned green I raced ahead. He didn’t merely follow, he chased and with his headlights turned off. No matter what sudden turn I took, he followed. My passengers were silent. I knew they were alarmed, and I prayed that I wouldn’t be called upon to protect them. In that cheerful frame of mind, I turned off my own lights so I couldn’t be followed. It was madness. I was responding to a crazy as a crazy.
(4) “I’ll just drive to the police station,” I finally said, and as if those were the magic words, he disappeared.
(5) It seems to me that there has recently been an epidemic of auto macho—a competition perceived and expressed in driving. People fight it out over parking spaces. A toll booth becomes a signal for elbowing fenders. And beetle-eyed drivers hunch over their steering wheels, squeezing the rims, glowering, preparing the excuse of not having seen you as they muscle you off the road. Approaching a highway on an entrance ramp recently, I was strong-armed by a trailer truck so immense that its driver all but blew me away by blasting his horn. The behemoth was just inches from my hopelessly mismatched vehicle when I fled for the safety of the shoulder.
(6) The odd thing is that long before I was even able to drive, it seemed to me that people were at their finest and most civilized when in their cars. They seemed so orderly and considerate, so reasonable, staying in the right-hand lane unless passing, signaling all intentions. In those days you really eased into highway traffic, and the long, neat rows of cars seemed mobile testimony to the sanity of most people. Perhaps memory fails, perhaps there were always testy drivers, perhaps—but everyone didn’tgive you the finger.
(7) A most amazing example of driver rage occurred recently in Manhattan. We were four cars abreast, stopped at a traffic light. And there was no moving even when the light had changed. A bus had stopped in the cross traffic, blocking our paths: it was normal-for-New-York-City gridlock. Perhaps impatient, perhaps late for important appointments, three of us nonetheless accepted what, after all, we could not alter. One, however, would not. He would not be helpless. He would go where he was going even if he couldn’t get there. He got out of his car and strode toward the bus, rapping smartly on its doors. When they opened, he exchanged words with the driver. The doors folded shut. He then stepped in front of the bus, took hold of one of its large windshield wipers and broke it.
(8) The bus doors reopened and the driver appeared, apparently giving the fellow a good piece of his mind. If so, the lecture was wasted, for the man started his car and drove directly into the bus. He rammed it. Even though the point at which he struck the bus, the folding doors, was its most vulnerable point, ramming the side of a bus with your car has to rank very high on a futility index. My first thought was that it had to be a rental car.
(9) To tell the truth, I could not believe my eyes. The bus driver opened his doors as much as they could be opened and he stepped directly onto the hood of the attacking car, jumping up and down with both his feet. He then retreated into the bus, closing the doors behind him. Obviously a man of action, the car driver backed up and rammed the bus again.
(10) It is tempting to blame such aggressive, uncivil and even neurotic behavior, but in our cars we all become a little crazy. How many of us speed up when a driver signals his intention of pulling in front of us? Are we resentful and anxious to pass him? How many of us try to squeeze in, or race along the shoulder at a lane merger?
(11) What is it within us that gives birth to such antisocial behavior and why, all of a sudden, have so many drivers gone around the bend? My friend, a Manhattan psychiatrist, calls it“a Rambo pattern. People are running around thinking the American way is to take the law into your own hands when anyone does anything wrong. And what constitutes ‘wrong’? Anything that cramps your style.”
(12) It seems to me that it is a new America we see on the road now. It has the mentality of a hoodlum and the backbone of a coward. The car is its weapon and hiding place, and it is still a symbol even in this. Road Rambos no longer represent a self-reliant, civil people tooling around in family cruisers. In fact, there aren’t families in these machines that charge headlong with their brights on in broad daylight, demanding we get out of their way. Bullies are loners, and they have perverted our liberty of the open road into drivers’ license. They represent an America that derides the values of decency and good manners, then roam the highways riding shotgun and shrieking freedom. By allowing this to happen, the rest of us approve.
Ⅱ. In this section, there are ten incomplete statements or questions, followed by four choices marked A,B,C and D. Choose the best answer and blacken the corresponding letter on your Answer Sheet. (20 points, 2 points for each)
16. The first four paragraphs serve as ______.
A. an introduction of the essay
B. a summary of what will happen
C. a comment on today’s drivers’ behavior
D. the author’s personal feelings a out driving
17. The word “behemoth” in Paragraph 5 means something ______.
A. very large
B. extremely expensive
C. quite advanced
D. unusually attractive
18. The phrase “give you the finger” in Paragraph 6 means ______.
A. let you see the finger
B. intend to shake hands with you
C. show their admiration for you
D. express anger to you in a rude way
19. The car driver broke one of the windshield wipers ______.
A. to test its quality
B. to show his rage
C. to demonstrate his power
D. to demand the bus driver to reverse
20. According to Paragraph 8, the car driver rammed the bus in vain because ______.
A. the car was rented
B. the car was not as strong as the bus
C. the bus driver refused to make way for him
D. the folding doors of the bus were the strongest part
21. The author felt that the bus driver’s behavior in Paragraph 9 was ______.
A. disgusting
B. confusing
C. acceptable
D. incredible
22. The questions in Paragraph 10 intend to show that ______.
A. no one is excused for dangerous driving
B. every driver is required to obey traffic rules
C. drivers’ bad behavior is a common phenomenon
D. aggressive behavior on the road should be blamed
23. What is the author’s attitude towards the “Rambo pattern” in Paragraph 11?
A. Skeptical.
B. Critical.
C. Supportive.
D. Indifferent.
24.The word “cramps” in Paragraph 11 means ______.
A. limits
B. creates
C. displays
D. renovates
25.The purpose of the author in writing this essay is ______.
A. to arouse people’s awareness of safe driving
B. to make people believe that driving is dangerous
C. to criticize the drivers’ violent behavior on the road
D. to inform readers about some unusual traffic accidents
非选择题部分
注意事项:
用黑色字迹的签字笔或钢笔将答案写在答题纸上,不能答在试题卷上。
Ⅲ. Translate the following sentences into Chinese and write the translation on your Answer Sheet. (10 points, 2 points for each)
26. He was glaring because we had passed him and for that offensive action he pursued us to the next stoplight so as to express his indignation and affirm his masculinity.
27. When the light turned green I raced ahead. He didn’t merely follow, he chased, and with his headlights turned off.
28. They seemed so orderly and considerate, so reasonable, staying in the right-hand lane unless passing, signaling all intentions.
29. The bus doors reopened and the driver appeared, apparently giving the fellow a good piece of his mind.
30. It seems to me that it is a new America we see on the road now. It has the mentality of a hoodlum and the backbone of a coward.
Ⅳ. Answer the following essay question in English within 80-100 words. Write your answers on the Answer Sheet. (10 points)
31. How can we improve our driving habits for the sake of safety?
Ⅴ. The following paragraphs are taken from the textbooks, followed by a list of words or expressions marked A to Y. Choose the one that best completes each of the sentences and blacken the corresponding letter on your Answer Sheet. One word or expression for each blank only. (25 points, 1 point for each)
The child was fairly eating me up with her cold, steady eyes, and no expression on her face whatever. She did not move and seemed, inwardly, 32 ; an unusually attractive little thing, and as strong as a heifer in 33 . But her face was flushed, she was breathing . 34 , and I realized that she had a high fever. She had magnificent 35 hair, in profusion. One of those picture children often reproduced in 36 leaflets and the photogravure sections of the Sunday papers.
It is still women—about three million volunteers—who do most of this work in the American political world. The best any of 37 can hope for is the honor of being district or county vice-chairman, a kind of separate-but-equal position with which a woman is 38 for years of faithful envelope stuffing and card-party 39 . In such a job, she gets a number of free trips to state and 40 national meetings and conventions, where her 41 is supposed to be to vote the way her male chairman votes.
The value of art-snobbery to living artists is considerable. True, most art-snobs 42only the works of the dead; for an Old Master is both a 43 investment and a holier culture-symbol than a 44 master. But some art-snobs are also modernity-snobs. There are45 of them, with the few eccentrics who like works of art for their own 46 , to provide living artists with the means of subsistence.
Without thinking, we are making an important confession about ourselves as a nation. We are
47 quality—even, to some extent, the quality of people. The “best” is becoming too48 for us. We are suckling 49 on machine-made mediocrity. It is bad for our souls, our minds, and our digestion. It is the 50 our wiser and calmer forebears 5l , not people, but hogs: as much as possible and as fast as possible, with no standard of quality.
There is a difference between my schooling and the wisdom of the street corner. I 52the life of a black man in Watts is larger than a federal 53 program. If there is no future for the black ghetto, the future of all Negroes is 54 . What affects it, affects me, for I am a 55 of the ghetto. When they do it to Watts, they do it to me, too. I’ll never escape from the ghetto. I have 56 my all on its future. Watts is my home.
A.good    B.staked    C.rapidly    D.organizing    E.living
F.enough    G.safer    H.ourselves    I.fed    J.diminished
K.child    L.appearance    M.them    N.sometimes    O.sake
P.abandoning    Q.poverty    R.rewarded    S.blonde    T.collect
U.advertising    V.quiet    W.way    X.know    Y.cole
Ⅵ. Translate the following sentences into English and write the translation on your Answer Sheet. (20 points,2 points each for 57-60, 4 points for 61, 8 points for 62)
57.例如,每当我们开展新的广告宣传时,最先上当的总是公司内部的人。
58.她建议我应该用尽可能多的方式来朗读同一句话。
59.那个职员用一封家信来做抽签用的签。
60.在过去的十年里,我最想做的事就是把政治写作变为一种艺术。
61.就这样我们在国内突然面临一个可憎的局面,义愤填膺的感觉不复存在;即便有,也是来自那些被过去的侮辱折磨得精疲力尽的人。
62.市场领导者创造并保持一种环境,鼓励雇员将新想法带入公司,同样重要的是他们还要倾听并考虑这些想法,无论其多么不符合常规。其他公司看到的是他们营销计划中的差错或对他们的产品种类构成的威胁,而致力于产品领导型的公司看到的则是机遇并迅速抓住它。

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