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2015年陕西统招升本大学英语全真试卷:四

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2015年陕西省专升本招生考试 大学英语全真试题【四】
I. Vocabulary and Structure (40分)  
Directions: There are 40 incomplete sentences in this part- For each sentence there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the ONE that best completes the sentences. Then write your answer in capital letter on the Answer Sheet.
1. The police are      the records of all those involved in the crime.
A. looking into        B. looking after         C. looking out          D. looking on
2. Building that railway was very difficult and involved      ten tunnels.
A.dig         B. having dug       C. to have dug        D. digging
3. What he told us about the affair simply doesn't make any      .
A. sense         B. idea          C. meaning          D. significance
4. That tree looked as if it      for a long time.
A. hasn't watered         B. didn't water         C. hadn't been watered        D. wasn't watered
5. Hitler set out to conquer all of Europe in the belief that the Germans were the master      .
  A. race        B. human        C. blood         D. brains
6. Don't forget to walk the dog while I am away,      ?
A. can you         B. shall you         C. do you         D. will you  
7. It is a pity that we should stay at home when we have      weather.
A. so fine       B. such a fine        C. such fine        D. so fine a
8. There were beautiful clothes      in the shop windows.
A. spread         B. displayed        C. exposed         D. located
9. Knowing something as a whole is far from knowing all its      .
A. instance         B. character          C. items            D. details
10.       you poor record in school, we think you should study harder.
A. In view of       B. In charge of        C. In spite of        D. In case of
11. There are more than fifty proposals      at the conference.
A. discussed          B. to be discussed          C. discussing          D. having been discussed
12. Police have      to the public to come forward with any information which might help them in their inquiries.                                        
A. urged           B. claimed           C. appealed            D. called
13. I am sorry I      your glasses off the desk when I was wiping it.
A. drew          B. hit          C. struck           D. knocked
14. There is hardly an environment on earth      some species of animal or other has not adapted successfully.
A. to which         B. wherever          C. so that          D. as to
15. He suggested      to tomorrow's exhibition together.
A. us to go           B. we went           C. we shall go           D. we go
16. As the shortage of certain metals approaches, others must be found to take their      .
  A. share          B. place          C. role           D. shape
17. I bought a new house last year, but I      my old house yet, so at the moment I have two houses.
  A. did not sell          B. do not sell           C. had not sold           D. have not sold
18. She didn't regret paying 200 dollars for the bookcase. As a matter of fact, she would gladly have paid    for it.
  A. as much twice        B. much as twice          C. as twice much           D. twice as much
19. I can’t      what that object is.     
  A. make up         B. make over         C. make out         D. make for
20. Language can be defined as a tool by which human beings      with one another.
  A. associate          B. connect          C. communicate          D. correspond
21. We object      punishing a whole group for one person's fault.    
  A. against          B. about          C. to           D. or
22. By the end of this month, we surely      a satisfactory solution to the problem.             
  A. have found          B. will be finding         C. will have found          D. are finding
23. Mr. Wilson said that he did not want to      any further responsibilities.
  A. take on          B. get on          C. put up           D. look up
24. There's little chance that mankind would      a nuclear war.    
  A. retain          B. endure          C. maintain         D. survive
25. Nuclear science should be developed to benefit the people      harm them.
A. more than         B. other than         C. rather than          D. better than
26. The students were participating      an international energy-saving competition between towns in New England and Canada.
A. for           B. in          C. to           D. at
27. The French pianist who had been praised very highly      to be a great disappointment.
  A. turned up          B. turned in          C. turned out           D. turned down
28. Many difficulties have      as a result of the change over to a new type of fuel.  
  A. risen           B. arisen           C. raised           D. arrived
29. Helen was much kinder to her youngest child than she was to the others, of course,     made the others jealous.
A. who           B. that            C. what           D. which
30. Mr. Johnson preferred      heavier work to do.
  A. to be given          B. to be giving          C. to have given        D. having given
31. The police set a      to catch the thieves.
  A. plan           B. device         C. trap           D. trick
32. We regret to inform you that the materials you ordered are      .
A. out of work         B. out of stock          C. out of reach          D. out of practice
33. Our company decided to      the contract because a number of the conditions in it had not been met.
  A. destroy           B. resist            C. assume            D. cancel
34. She is      a musician than her brother.                                                             
  A. much of            B. much as           C. more of             D. more as
35.      is known to the world, Mark Twain is a great American writer.
A. That             B. Which             C.As               D. It
36. The residents,       had been damaged by the flood, were given help by the Red Cross.
  A. all their homes        B. all whose homes         C. all of whose homes        D. all of their homes
37. You can't afford to let the situation get worse. You must take      to put it right.
  A. decisions           B. directions            C. sides          D. steps
38. Look at the terrible situation I am in! If only I      your advice.
  A. follow           B. had follo.wed            C. would follow           D. have followed
39. Before he left for his vacation he went to the bank to      some money.
  A. pull           B. pick            C. gain               D. draw
40. Frankfurt, Germany, is in one of the most      populated regions of Western Europe.
  A. densely         B. vastly         C. enormously          D. largely
II. Reading Comprehension (50分)
Directions: There are 4 passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. You should decide on the best choice and write your answer in capital letter on the Answer Sheet.             
Passage One
Questions 41 to 45 are based on the following passage:     
Every year just after Christmas the January Sales start. All the shops reduce their prices and for two weeks, they are full of people looking for bargains. My husband and I do not normally go to the sales as we don't like crowds and in any case are short of money as we have to buy lots of Christmas presents.
Last year, however, I took my husband with me to the sales at the large shop in the center of London. We both needed some new clothes and were hoping to find a television set. When we go to Oxford Street, it was so crowded that we decided to split up and meet again at the underground station. So I left my husband and started looking around the shops. Unfortunately all the clothes were in very large sizes and so were not suitable for me. But I did buy a television at a very cheap price, so I felt quite pleased with myself.
(81)When I arrived at the station, my husband was not there. So I sat down in a nearby cafe to have a cup of tea. I quickly finished my tea when I saw my husband and went out to meet him. He looked very happy. Then I saw he was carrying a large and heavy cardboard box. “Oh, dear!" I thought. Yes, we had no new clothes but two television. We shall not be going to the sales again.
41. In January      .       
A. lots of people go shopping for discount          
B. people have a lot of money to spend after Christmas  
C. all the shops close for a two-week Christmas holiday
D. people don't have enough money to go looking for bargains
42. In this passage, the word "bargain" could best be replaced by “something      ”.
  A. given to people                               B. offered at a reduced price
C. offered, sold or bought which is expensive         D. sold for the purpose of reaching an agreement
43. The husband and wife in the story      .     
A. wished to buy a TV                         B. went to the sales the year before
  C. often went to the sales to buy clothes           D. were usually not short of money after Christmas
44. The phrase "split up" in the second paragraph means “      ".
  A. break apart         B. cause to break        C. become pieces        D. go in different directions
45. After their day's shopping, they      .
  A. were happy with their bargains              B. had got everything they wanted
  C. got more than they had hoped for            D. had to go back to the sales the next day    
Passage Two
Questions 46 to 50 are based on the following passage:  
How often one hears children wishing they were grown up, and old people-wishing they were young again. Each age has its pleasures and its pains, and the happiest person is the one who enjoys what each age gives him without wasting his time in useless regrets.          
Youth is a time when there are few tasks to make life difficult. If a child has good parents, he is fed, looked after and loved whatever he may do. It is impossible that he will ever again in his life be given so much without having to do anything in return. In addition, life is always presenting new things to the child things that have lost their interest for older people because they are too well known. But a child has his pains: he is not so free to do what he wishes to do; he is continually being told not to do things, or being punished for what he has done wrong.
(82) When the young man starts to earn his own living,-he can no longer expect others to pay for his food, his clothes, and his room, but has to work if he wants to live comfortably. If he spends most of his time playing about in the way that he used to as a child, he will go hungry. And if he breaks the laws of society as he used to break the laws of his parents, he may go to prison. If, however, he works hard, keeps out of trouble and has good health, he can have the great happiness of building up for himself his own position in society.
46. People can experience happiness if they      .
  A. always think of the past and regret it             B. value the present
  C. are no longer young                          D. become old and have much experience
47. When people were young, they used to      .
  A. be in charge of many businesses               B. have few things to think about and take on
C. look after their younger sisters and brothers      D. face a lot of difficulties
48. The pains of children lie in the fact that  
A. no one helps them make right decisions            B. they are often beaten by their parents
C. they can not be accepted and praised by others       D. they are not allowed to do whatever they like to do
49. Children are usually happy because      .
  A. old people lose interest in them                           B. they are free to do wrong    
C. they are familiar with everything going on around them        D. things are new to them     
50. Which of the following is NOT needed for a young man to be happy?
  A. Hard work        B. Being free from troubles          C. Wealth           D. Health.
Passage Three
Questions 51 to 55 are based on the following passage:
As you are students of English, it's very possible that- you'll be interested in England. That's where the language was first spoken. But England is often called by other names. This often confuses people and I wonder if you know what these names mean. So, now I would like to tell you about this matter of names. I believe that you. have heard people use the names---England, Britain or Great Britain. Let's see what each of these names means.
If you look at a map of Europe, you'll see a group of islands---one larger island off the northwest coast, one smaller and many tiny ones. These make up what is called the British Isles. The largest island of the British Isles is Britain. It is also called Great Britain. The smaller island is Ireland.
(83) Britain is divided into three parts: Scotland, Wales and England. But sometimes the Word "England” is used instead of "Britain". Why so?
In ancient times, what is Britain now used to be three different countries. People in these different countries spoke different language. Over many years the three countries became one. England is the largest and richest of the three and it has the most people. So the English people take it for granted that their own name stands for the whole island.
There's another thing that confuses people: sometimes you may hear people say "the Untied Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland". That is official name of the country. Northern Ireland is only one sixth of the island of Ireland. The rest of the island is an independent state, called the Republic of Ireland. So we have the names of' “England", "Britain", “Great Britain", and "the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland". Now do you know what each of them means?
51. English was first spoken in      .
  A. Britain            B. England            C. Great Britain           D. Ireland
52. Britain is divided into      .
  A. England, Britain, and Wales                        B. England, Scotland, and Wales    
  C. Wales, Scotland, and Great Britain                   D. Great Britain, Wales and Scotland
53. According to the passage, which of the following statements is true?
  A. Wales is the richest of the three             B. Scotland is the largest of the three
C. Sometimes English is used instead of Britain  D. Britain is the only name of the largest island of British Isles
54. The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is      .
  A. part of Britain                                  B. part of British Isles
  C. the official name of the whole country England        D. the largest country of all mentioned in the passage
55. Which of the following is an independent country?
  A. Wales          B. Scotland          C. Northern Ireland           D. The Republic of Ireland
Passage Four
Questions 56 to 60 are based on the follow.ing passage:
(84)Visitors to Britain are sometimes surprised to learn that newspapers there have such a large circulation. The "Daily Mirror" and the "Daily Express", both sell about four million copies every day. British families generally buy a newspaper every morning and two or three on Sundays.
Besides the national papers, there is, however, another branch of the British press which sells almost as many copies. Local newspapers have a weekly circulation of 13 million. Almost every town and country area has one. Nearly all of- them hold their own financially and many of them are very profitable.
(85)These papers are written almost entirely for readers interested in local events births, weddings, deaths, council meetings and sports. Editors prefer to rely on people who know the district well. A great deal of local news is, regularly supplied by clubs and churches in the neighborhood and it does not get out of date as quickly as national news.
The editors must never forget that the success of any newspaper depends on advertising.
They are usually anxious to keep the good will of local businessmen for this reason. But if the newspaper is well written and the news items have been carefully chosen to draw local readers, the businessmen are grateful for the opportunity to keep their products in the public eyes.   
56. Visitors to Britain are surprised to learn that      .
A. local papers should have a circulation of four million    
B. there are so many local newspapers there
C. British newspapers are so widely read           
  D. the "Daily Mirror" and "Daily Express" sell as many as 4 million copies every day
57. Local newspapers have      .
  A. a circulation as large as that of national newspapers          B. a daily circulation of 13 million
C. an even larger circulation                               D. a slightly smaller circulation
58. Which of the following statement is correct?
A. Nearly all towns and country areas have their own papers
B. Every town and country area has at least one paper of its own.
C. There is a paper, national or local, in each town and country area.
D. A lot of distant town and country areas do not have their own papers
59. Which of the following is NOT true?
  A. A great deal of local news is supplied by the clubs and churches
B. Local readers are much interested in local news.
  C. These papers are written almost entirely for local readers.
  D. These papers are likely to get out of date quickly
60. According to the writer, the editor must remember that no paper can possibly succeed without      .
A. interesting reports   B. advertisements   C. a great deal of national news    D. an excellent sales manager
III. Cloze (20分)
Directions: There are 20 blanks in the following passage. For each, blank there are four choices marked A, B, C and D below the passage. You should choose the ONE that best fits into the passage. Then write your answer in capital letter, on the Answer Sheet.
Section A(非英语专业学生做)
Professional sports are very popular in the United States and they are big business. The most popular sports are basketball, football and baseball. 61 has its own season, and millions of supporters. Professional teams are named 62 the cities 63 they are located. Their strongest supporters live in these cities. When a team plays in a championship game, most people in the city 64 the game with interest and 65.
Basketball is 66 around the world. Professional basketball games in-the US are played 67 during winter months, From November 68 April one can find a professional basketball game 69 nights a week in most large American cities. Basketball is an American 70. It has been called the national pastime. The game is played in the evening 71 every night of the week and on weekends 72. The season begins in April and finishes with the World 73 in October.
Football has 74 the most popular professional sport in the US. It is played on Sundays 75 the fall from August to January. American football different 76 international football which Americans call soccer. 77 games require strength and specialized skills. Professiona178 are very well paid. The most famous athlete 79 millions of dollars for their playing skill. America's best players have 80 salaries than the country's president.
61. A. Each          B. Whole         C. All           D. Every
62. A. by               B. after            C. as             D. from
63. A. that          B. which         C. when          D. where
64. A. favor          B. inspect           C. follow          D. see     
65. A. exclamation         B. depression          C. inspiration           D. enthusiasm
66. A. famous           B. familiar            C. known            D. popular
67. A. indoor             B. indoors           C. inside            D. inward
68. A. to              B. and          C. for           D. around
69. A. several          B. every          C. many          D. more
70. A. play           B. sport            C. athletics            D. enjoyment
71. A. fairly            B. bar.eiy           C. rarely            D. nearly
72. A. also            B. either            C. likewise             D. as well
73. A. sequences           B. series           C. contests           D. matches
74. A. changed           B. seemed            C. become            D. played
75. A. during          B. at           C. in           D. after
76. A. to           B. with           C. from            D. for.
77. A. A11           B. Both          C. Either            D. Neither
78. A. experts           B. referees                C. athletes          D. spectators
79. A. make             B. take            C. produce            D. find
80. A. taller            B. higher           C. high           D. very
Section B(英语专业学生做)
    To find out what the weather is going to be, most people go straight to the radio, television, or newspaper to get an expert weather forecast. But 61 you know what to look for, you can use your own 62 to make weather predictions
There are many 63 that can help you. For example, in fair weather the air pressure is generally 64. the air is still and often full of dust, and faraway objects may look 65. But when a storm is gathering, the pressure 66, and you are often able to see things 67 clearly. Sailors took note of this long ago, and came 68 with the saying, "The farther the sight, the nearer the rain."
Your sense of 69 can also help you detect the weather changes. Just 70 it rains, odors become stronger, this is 71 odors are repressed in a fair high pressure center. When a bad weather low moves 72, air pressure lessens and odors are 73. You can also hear 74 storm. An old saying 75 it this way, “Sounds traveling far and wide, a stormy day will betide".
And don't 76 your grandmother if she says she can 77, a storm coming. It is commonly known 78 many people feel pains in their bones or joints while the humidity 79, the pressure drops, and bad weather is on the 80.
61. A. if            B. unless          C. though            D. as     
62. A. experiences          B. senses          C. feelings          D. ways
63. A. forms          B. signals           C. signs            D. experiences
64. A. high           B. low           C. strong             D. weak   
65. A. big            B. small           C. clever             D. vague
66. A. rises            B. drops            C. increases              D. falls
67. A. more          B. farther          C. less           D. much
68. A. up           B. over          C. upon           D. on  
69. A. touch          B. taste           C. smell          D. sight
70. A. when         B. as          C. after            D. before
7l. A. why           B. because           C. how           D. when
72. A. in          B. on          C. off          D. at
73. A. released           B. controlled           C. checked          D. roused
74. A. a lightning           B. an approaching            C. a heavy           D. a failing
75. A. says            B. describes         C. talks            D. tells
76. A. contempt           B. look down upon          C. laugh at          D. believe
77. A. see            B. hear          C. feel            D. tell       
78. A. which          B. that           C. What            D. for        
79. A. falls         B. grows         C. drops           D. rises
80. A. way           B. road          C. march            D. move   
Ⅳ. Translation (20分)
Section A(非英语专业学生做)
Directions: In this section, there are five items. You are required to translate them into Chinese. Each item consists of one or two sentences. These sentences are all taken from the reading passages you have just read in the Reading Comprehension part. You may refer back to the passages so as to identify their meanings in the context.                     81. (Para 3, Passage l)                                    .     .
    When I arrived at the station, my husband was not there. So I sat down in a nearby cafe to have a cup of tea.                                                                                       
82. (Para 3, Passage 2)
    When the young man starts to earn his own living, he can no longer expect others to pay for his food, his clothes, and his room, but has to work if he wants to live comfortably.                                                                                                      
83. (Para 3, Passage 3)  
Britain is divided into three parts: Scotland, Wales and England. But sometimes the Word "England" is used instead of "Britain".                                                                                           
84. (First Para, Passage 4)   
Visitors to Britain are sometimes surprised to learn that newspapers there have such a large circulation.                                                                                            
85. (Para3, Passage4)
These papers are written almost entirely for readers interested in local events - births, weddings, deaths, council meetings and sports.                                                                                              
Section B(英语专业学生做)
  语言是媒介,是工具,人们利用它来互相交际,交流思想,达到了相互了解。语言是直接与思维联系,它把人的思维的结果和认识的成果,用词和句子记载下来、肯定下来,这样人类社会中的思想交流便成为可能。
思想交流一向是十分必要的。因为,若无思想交流,便不可能使人们在与自然界进行的斗争 中,协调其活动;便不可能保证社会生产活动获得成功;因而也就不可能有社会生产本身的存在。可见,如果没有整个社会所懂得的语言,如果没有社会成员共同的 语言,那么这个社会便会停止生产,便会崩溃,便会无法继续存在下去。从这个意义上说,语言既是交际的工具,同时也是社会斗争和社会发展的工具。                                                                                        
V. Writing(20分)
Directions: For this part, you are required to write a composition of 120 to 150 words (non-English majors) or 150 to 180 words (English majors). You should base your composition on the title and outline given below.
1.交通是现代城市的一大问题.。
2.污染和堵车是交通问题的两大体现。
3.解决交通问题的手段可以有多种。
Traffic in the City

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