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2015年陕西统招升本大学英语全真试卷:三

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2015年陕西省普通高等教育专升本招生考试大学英语全真模拟试卷【三】
I. Vocabulary and Structure (40分)
Directions: In this part, there are 40 incomplete sentences. For each sentence there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the ONE that best completes the sentence. Then write the corresponding answer on the Answer Sheet.
1. If you happen to      my lost papers while you're looking for your book, please let me know at once by telephone.
  A. come across    B. come up     C. come to      D. properly
2. Ever since Picasso's painting went on exhibit, there      large crowds at the museum every day.
  A. is          B. has been          C. have been          D. are being
3. Mr. Smith advised us to withdraw      .
  A. so that to get not involved                 B. so as to get not involved
C. so as not to get involved                  D. so that not to get involved
4.      in a seemingly endless war, the general was forced to evaluate the situation again.
A. Since the loss of 50,000 soldiers                   B. Because of 50,000 soldiers having lost
C. Having lost over 50,000 soldiers                   D. 50,000 soldiers were lost
5. Although the weather was very bad, the buses still ran on      .
  A. list         B. plan          C. schedule         D. arrangement
6. The situation today is obviously quite different from      it was only 50 years ago.
  A. what        B. which         C. when          D. such
7. He likes doing some reading at home      to the cinema.
  A. than to go          B. than going         C. more than going        D. rather than to go
8.      neglecting our education, my father sent my brother and me to a summer school.
  A. Accused of       B. Accusing of        C. That he was accused of        D. To be accused of
9. It was essential that all the necessary documents      to the president's office being the end of this month.
  A. be handed in       B. must be handed in      C. should hang in        D. had been handed in
10. The car is quite       of petrol.
  A. economic         B. economical          C. saving          D. sparing
1l. The traffic was very heavy; otherwise I      here 20 minutes sooner.
  A. would be           B. should be         C. had been          D. would have been
12.      his great wealth, he always remained a man of simple tastes.
  A. Except for           B. With regard to           C. Despite          D. Although
13. The socks were too small and it was only by      them that ne managed to get them on.
  A. spreading         B. extending          C. lengthening          D. stretching
14. The minister was the person      .
A. whom the state dinner was given in honour     B. for whom the state dinner was given honour
C. whose honour the state dinner was given       D. in whose honour the state dinner was given
15. The young driver looked over the engine carefully lest it      on the way.
  A. goes wrong        B. would go wrong         C. went wrong        D. should go wrong
16. John had been working hard and      .
  A. so his brother had       B. so had his brother       C. so was his brother        D. so his brother did
17. I'm sorry Andy didn’t want to go to the conference.       willing to go, we would have paid all his expenses.
  A. Being          B. Was he         C. He had been         D. Had he been
18. It has been rather costly to install the machinery, but it will prove to be worth the money      .
  A. in the long run          B. in conclusion         C. at long last         D. at the end
19. It's no use      me not to worry.
  A. you tell          B. your telling          C. for you to have told         D. having told
20.       such a good chance, he planned to learn more.
 A. To be given          B. Having been given         C. Having given         D. Giving
21. If it      too much trouble, I'd love a cup of tea.    
  A. isn't          B. wasn't          C. weren't         D. hadn't been
22. Why don’t you have a night out? It would take your      off your worries.
  A. care          B. heart           C. head            D. mind
23. Some hard plastics can be      metals in manufacturing machine parts.
  A. substituted for         B. taken the place of         C. replaced in         D. given way to
24. His understanding made a deep impression      the young girl.       
  A. in            B. on          C. for          D. to    
25. They have been trying to arrive at a practical solution      the problem.
  A. in           B. to           C. on          D. with
26. Don’t have him for a friend. He's      a criminal.
  A. anything but         B. but for         C. rather than          D. nothing but
27. A good friend is one who will      you when you are in trouble.
  A. stand for          B. stand by          C. stand up to          D. stand up with
28. The speaker      his notes before the lecture.
  A. ran down       B. ran into      C. ran out         D. ran over
29. I find this treatment very      to my health.   
  A. advisable          B. invaluable          C. beneficial          D. worthy  
30. If the earth suddenly      spinning, we would all fly off it.
  A. had stopped         B. stopped          C. has stopped         D. would stop
31. As a      president, his views are treated with respect when he is interviewed.
  A. prior         B. previous         C. late           D. former
32. It is highly desirable that a new president      for this college.
  A. appointed         B. be appointed        C. is appointed        D. has been appointed
33. Ever since the family moved to the suburbs last year, they      better health.
  A. could have enjoyed        B. have been enjoying        C. had enjoyed       D. are enjoying
34. As a small boy, he was slow      learning to read and write.   
  A. on        B. with        C. in        D. about
35. He went ahead      all warnings about the danger of his mission.
  A. in case of       B. because of       C. regardless of        D. prior to
36. Having no money but      to know, he simply said he would go without dinner.        
  A. not to want anyone      B. not wanting anyone      C. wanted no one       D. to want no one
37. We desire that the tour leader      us immediately of any change in plans.       
  A. inform         B. informs         C. informed          D. has informed
38. In the experiment we kept a watchful eye      the developments and recorded every detail.
  A. in          B. at         C. for         D. on
39. Not      , the process of choosing names varies widely from -culture to culture.    
A. obviously         B. surprisingly         C. particularly          D. normally
40. A man escaped from the prison last night. It was a long time      the guards discovered what had happened.                           A. before         B. until         C. since          D. when
II. Reading Comprehension (50分)
Directions: There are 4 passages in this part. Each passage is followed' by some questions or unfinished statements. For each 'of them there are four choices marked A, B, C arid D. You should decide on the best choice and write your answer in capital letter on the Answer Sheet.  
Passage One
Questions 41 to 45 are based on the following passage:
     (81)When he took office, George W. Bush, son of former president George Herbert Walker Bush, became the first son to follow his father into the White House since John Quinsy Adams followed John Adams in the early 19th century.     
     Bush was born on July 6, 1946, in New Haven, Connecticut, the first child of George Herbert Walker Bush and Barbara Pierce Bush. Although George Herbert Walker Bush began his career in the oil industry, he finally served as a congressman, and vice-president and president of the United States.
At the age of two, Bush moved with his parents from Connecticut to Odessa, Texas, where his father took up the oil business. After a year in Texas, the family moved to California for business reasons. A year later, the family returned to Texas and settled in Midland, where Bush lived from 1950 to 1959.
     In 1959, again for business reasons, the family moved to Houston, Texas. In 1961 Bush left Texas and went to Andover, Massachusetts, to attend Phillips Academy; a boarding school that his father had also attended.  
     At Phillips, Bush played basketball, baseball, and football. He was best known for being head cheerleader. In 1964 he enrolled at Yale University in Connecticut. His father and grandfather had also attended Yale. At Yale, Bush was considered an average student, but he was popular with his classmates.
     Bush graduated, from Yale with a bachelor's degree in history in 1968. Then he joined the Air National Guard and remained in the Guard until 1973. After earning his MBA from Harvard in 1975, Bush returned to Midland. Like his father, he first entered the oil industry as a “landsman(新手)". However, Bush's oil companies never enjoyed great success. He took more interest in politics. He helped his father to become president and in 1994 he himself was elected governor of Texas.      
41. What does the writer intend to tell us in the first paragraph?
  A. George W. Bush is the first son in American history to follow his father into the White House.
  B. George W. Bush is the first son of former president George Herbert Walker Bush.
  C. John Quincy Adams and his father were both former American presidents.
  D. George W. Bush is the second one in American history to follow his father into the White House.
42. We may learn from the text that young Bush      .
A. got on very well at the universities            B. was very good at basketball, baseball and football
C. did everything as his father had done          D. was a very successful politician like his father
43. From the year when Bush was two to the year 1959, the Bush family moved in all      .
  A. seven times        B. four times         C. five times         D. six times
44. Which of the following is NOT true about George W. Bush?
A. Young Bush lived with his family in Texas from 1948 to 1961
  B. He once studied at a university that his father and grandfather had also attended       
C. He once ruled over an American state before he entered the White House
  D. He once served at the Air National Guard for about five years
45. What would be the possible reason that Bush's oil-business was not successful?
  A. He was not an expert in this field            B. He was more interested in politics than in business
C. He could not do as well as his father does     D. Oil business was not prosperous at that time
Passage Two
Questions 46 to 50 are based on the following passage
     Although April did not bring us the rains we all hoped for, and although the Central Valley doesn't generally experience the atmospheric sound and lightning that can accompany those rains, it's still important for parents to be able to answer the youthful questions about thunder and lightning.
     (82)The reason these two wonders of nature are so difficult for many adults to explain to children is that they are not very well understood by adults themselves. For example, did you know that the lightning we see flashing down to the earth from a cloud is actually flashing up to a cloud from the earth? Our eyes trick us into thinking we see a downward motion when it's actually the other way around. But then, if we believed only what we think we see, we'd still insist that the sun rises in the morning and sets at night.
     Most lightning flashes take place inside a cloud, and only a relative few can be seen jumping between two cloud or between earth and a cloud. But, with about 2,000 thunderstorms taking place above the earth every minute of the day and night, there's enough activity to produce about 100 lightning strikes on earth every second.
     Parents can use thunder and lightning to help their children learn more about the world around them. (83)  When children understand that the light of the lightning flashing reaches their eyes almost at the same moment, but the sound of the thunder takes about 5 seconds to travel just one mile, they can begin to time the interval between the flash and the crash to learn how close they were to the actual spark.
46. According to the author, in the area of the Central Valley,      .
A. rains usually come without thunder and lightning      B. it is usually dry in April
 C. children pay no attention to natural phenomena        D. parents are not interested in thunder and lightning
47. We believe that lightning is a downward notion because      .
  A. we were taught so by our parents from our childhood     B. we are deceived by our sense of vision   
  C. it is a common natural phenomenon                   D. it is a truth proved by science
48. What is TRUE about lightning according to the passage?    
  A. Only a small number of lightning flashes occur on earth    
B. Lightning travels 5 minutes faster than thunder
  C. Lightning flashes usually jump from one cloud to another         
D. There are far more lightning strikes occurring on earth than we imagine
49. The word "activity" (Para. 3, Line 3) is most closely related to the word(s)      .
  A. "cloud"         B. "lightning strikes"        C. “lightning flashes”        D. "thunderstorms”
50. It can be concluded from the passage that,      .
  A. we should not believe what we see or hear      
B. things moving downward are more noticeable         
C. people often have wrong concepts about ordinary phenomena    
D. adults are not as good as children in observing certain natural phenomena
Passage Three
Questions 51 to 55 are based on the following passage:
     (84) Shopping for clothes is not the same experience for a man as it is for a woman. A man goes shopping because he needs something. His purpose is settled and decided in advance. He knows what he wants and his objective is to find it and buy it; the price is a secondary consideration. All men simply walk into a shop and ask the assistant for what they want. If the shop has it in stock, the salesman promptly produces it and the business of trying it on proceeds at once. All being well, the deal can be and often is completed in less than five minutes, with hardly any chat and to everyone's satisfaction.        
For a man, slight problems may begin when the shop does not have what he wants, or does not have exactly what he wants. In that case the salesman, as the name implies, tries to sell the customer something else. He offers the nearest he can to the article required. No good salesman brings out such a substitute bluntly; he does so with skill and polish: “I know this jacket is not the style you want, sir, but would you like to try it for size? It happens to be the color you mentioned." Few men have patience with this treatment, and the usual response is: "This is the right color and may be the right size, but I should be wasting my time and yours by trying it on."  
     Now how does a woman go about buying clothes? In almost every respect she does so in the opposite way. Her shopping is not often based on need. She has never fully made up her mind what she wants, and she is only "having a look round." She is always open to persuasion; indeed she sets great store by what the sales woman tells her, even by what companions tell her. She will try on any number of things. Uppermost in her mind is the thought of finding something that everyone thinks suits her. Contrary to a lot of jokes, most women have an excellent sense of valve when they buy clothes. They are always on the lookout for the unexpected bargain. Faced with a roomful of dresses, a woman may easily spend an hour going form one rail to another, to and fro: often retracing her steps, before selecting the dresses she wants to try on. It is a laborious process, but apparently an enjoyable one. Most dress shops provide chairs for the waiting husbands.       
51. The topic of this passage is      .
  A. the difference between men and women shop assistants    B. the sex difference in shopping
C. how women buy clothes                        D. what men do when their wives are shopping around
52. The passage mainly      .
A. teaches the reader how to do shopping          
B. introduces the way customers are treated in shops
C. is about man's foolishness in buying clothes      
D. describes the general difference between men and women in shopping for clothes   
53. It can be inferred from the passage that      .
  A. a-man would buy things that others recommend  
B. women often buy things without having to decide beforehand
C. men are more patient than women  
D. women need more clothes than men
54. When a woman is buying clothes, she wouldn't      .
  A. take other's advice                      B. mind going all over the shop to look for the right thing
  C. like to go with her husband               D. care what others would think of what she buys
55. According to the passage many jokes make fun of women shoppers by saying that      .
A. they waste money on inferior goods       B. they should buy only the best clothes.
C. they are much more sensible than men     D. they think of the price of the clothes and nothing else
Passage Four
Questions 56 to 60 are based on the following passage:
    A young person tells me he wants to be a writer. I always encourage such people, but I also explain that there's a big difference between "being a writer" and writing. In most cases these individuals are dreaming of wealth and fame, not the long hours alone at a typewriter."You've got to want to write," I say to them, "not want to be a writer".
The reality is that writing is a lonely, private and poor-paying affair. For every writer kissed by fortune there are thousands more whose longing is never rewarded. When I left a 20-year career in the U.S. Coat Guard to become a freelance writer (自由撰稿人), I had no prospects at all. What I did have was a friend who found me my room in a New York apartment building. It didn't even matter that it was cold and had no bathroom. I immediately bought a used manual typewriter and felt like a genuine writer.                                         
(85) After a year or so, however, I still hadn't gotten a break and began to doubt myself. It was so hard to sell a story that barely made enough to eat. But I knew I wanted to write, I had dreamed about it for years. I wasn't going to be one of those people who die wondering, What if? I would keep putting my dream to the test-even though it meant living with uncertainty and fear of failure. This is the shadow land of hope, and anyone with a dream must learn to live there.
56. The passage is meant to      .  
A. warn young people of the hardships that a successful writer has to experience
  B. advise young people to give up their idea of becoming a professional writer
  C. show young people its unrealistic for a writer to pursue wealth and fame
  D. encourage young people to pursue a writing career
57. What can be concluded from the passage?                                               
A. Genuine writers often find their work interesting and rewarding
  B. A writers success depends on luck rather than on effort
  C. Famous writers usually live in poverty and isolation
  D. The chances for a writer to become successful are small
58. Why did the author begin to doubt himself after the first year of his writing career?
  A. He wasn't able to produce a single book.         B. He hadn't seen a change for the better.
  C. He wasn’t able to have a rest for a whole year     D. Who are full of imagination even upon death
59. "…people who die wondering, What if?" (Line3, Para.3) refers to "those      “.
A. who think too much of the dark side of life        B. who regret giving up their career halfway
  C. who think a lot without making a decision         D. who are full of imagination even upon death
60. "shadow land" in the last sentence refers to      .
  A. the wonderland one often dreams about                 B. the bright future that one is looking forward to
  C. the state of uncertainty before ones final goal is reached    D. a world that exists only in ones imagination
III. Cloze (20分)
Directions: There are 20 blanks in the following passage. For each blank there are four choices marked A, B, C and D below the passage. You should choose the ONE that best fits into the passage. Then write your answer in capital letter on the Answer Sheet.
Section A (非英语专业学生做)
    More and more students want to study in “hot" majors. 61 a result, many students want to 62 their interests and study in these 63 such as foreign languages, international business and law, etc.
    Fewer and fewer students choose scientific majors, 64 math, physics and biology, and art majors, 65 history, Chinese and philosophy.
66 students can study in these “hot" majors, because the number of these "hot" majors 67 limited.                                                                             
If one 68 interest in his work or study, 69 can he do well? I 70 this from one of my classmates. He is 71 the countryside. His parents are farmers. Though he 72 biology, he chose "international business". He 73 to live a life which is different 74 of his parents.
In the end, he found he 75 in doing business. He found all the subjects to be 76. 77 this wouldn't have happened if he had chosen his major according to his own interests.
Choosing a major in university 78 decide one’s whole life. Majors 79 are not "hot" today may become the “hot” major of tomorrow.
Choosing your major according to your own 80 is the best way to succeed.
61. A. Being         B. For          C. Having       D.As
62. A. give up        B. appear        C. give         D. master
63. A. place          B. room         C. areas        D. space
64. A. for example    B. such as        C. and so on    D. as a result
65. A. even          B. like           C. just         D. or
66. A. Only a few     B. Quite a few    C. Perhaps      D. Many
67. A. is            B. are           C. would be      D. have been   
68. A. had no        B. had           C. has no        D. has
69. A. why           B. and what         C. how           D. and how
70. A. suggested       B. guessed          C. searched        D. learned
71. A. out of          B. off              C. in              D. from
72. A. studied         B. likes            C. learns           D. succeeds to study
73. A. wants          B. doesn't want      C. enjoys           D. doesn't like
74. A. from which      B. from that        C. for which         D. for that
75. A. was interested    B. was clever       C. was not interested   D. was not clever
76. A. lovely           B. rare            C. obvious          D. tiresome
77. A. So             B. Then            C. Just then          D. Maybe
78. A. can             B. does not         C. probably          D. perhaps not to
79. A. on which        B. in which         C. which             D. what  
80. A. interests         B. experience        C. mind             D. heart  
Section B (英语专业学生做)
Throughout history man has had to accept the fact that all living things must die. But people now live longer than they 61. Yet, all living things still show the 62 of aging, which will eventually 63 death.
Aging is not a disease, but as a person passes maturity, the cells of the body and the 64 they form do not function as well as they 65 in childhood and teenage years. The body provides less 66 against disease and is more 67 to have accident.         
A number of related causes may 68 aging. Some cells of the body have a fairly long life, but they are not 69 when they die. As a person ages, 70 of brain cells and muscle cells decreases. 71 body cells die and are replaced by new cells. In an aging person the 72 cells may not be as workable or as capable 73 growth as those of a young person.
    Another 74 in aging may be changes within the cells 75. Some of the protein chemicals in cells are known 76 with age and become less elastic (有弹性的). This is why the skin of old people wrinkles and 77. This is also the reason why old people 78 in height. There may be other more important chemical changes in the cells. Some complex cell chemicals, such as DNA and RNA, store and 79 information that the cells need. Aging may affect this 80 and change the information-carrying molecules so that they do not transmit the information as well.  
61. A. would          B. be used to       C. used to          D. used
62. A. function         B. effect       C. affect            D. sign
63. A. lead in          B. give in       C. run into         D. result in
64. A. hands           B. feet         C. heart            D. organs
65. A. do              B. has done        C. did          D. had done   
66. A. energy           B. protection      C. vigor          D. power
67. A. likely           B. probable         C. possible          D. alike  
68. A. attend to         B. contribute to      C. add to          D. devote to
69. A. replaced          B. reborn          C. recovered         D. surrendered
70. A. a number         B. the amount      C. the number          D. a great deal
71. A. The others        B. The other        C. Another        D. Other
72. A. old              B. left            C. new             D. other
73. A. to               B. for             C. of               D. in
74. A. factor            B. effect          C. reason             D. element
75. A. for themselves     B. of themselves     C. themselves        D. on their own
76. A. change           B. to have changed   C. to change          D. to be changed
77. A. hangs loose       B. hangs loosely     C. is hanging loosely        D. is hanging loose
78. A. increase          B. shrink        C. lengthen       D. decrease
79. A. pass away        B. pass by       C. pass off        D. pass on
80. A. improvement         B. procession         C. approach         D. process
IV. Translation (20分)
Section A (非英语专业学生做)
Directions: In this section, there are five items. You are required to translate them into Chinese. Each item consists of one or two sentences. These sentences are all taken from the reading passages you have just read in the Reading Comprehension part. You may refer back to the passages so as to identify their meanings in the context.
81. (Para l, Passage l)
   When he took office, George W. Bush, son of former president George Herbert Walker Bush, became the first son to follow his father into the White House since John Quinsy Adams followed John Adam in the early 19th century.
82. (Para 2, Passage 2)
   The reason these two wonders of nature are so difficult for many adults to explain to children is that they are not very well understood by adults themselves.
83. (Para 3, Passage 2)
   When, children understand that the light of the lightning flashing reaches their eyes almost at the same moment, but the sound of the thunder takes about 5 seconds to travel just one mile, they can begin to time the interval between the flash and the crash to learn, how close they were to the actual spark.
84. (Para l, Passage 3)
   Shopping for clothes is not the same experience for a man as it is for a woman.
85. (Para Last, Passage 4)
   After a year or so, however, I still hadn't gotten a break and began to doubt myself.
Section B (英语专业学生做)
    我们送孩子上学是为他们在长大成人时自立做准备。几乎他们在学校学习的所有东西在一生中都存实用价值,不过,这不是他们上学的唯一理由,对吗?   
    教育远不止获得某些具体的知识。我们上学首先是要学会怎样学习,以便在我们离校后能继续学, 一个真正懂得怎样学习的人一定会成功的,因为无论何时他都要做新的工作,那么他将很快学会用最佳办法来完成它。另一方面,未受教育的人可能就做不成什么事,或做得很糟。因此,学校的目的不仅是教语言、算术等实用课程,还要教给学生学习的方法。
V. Writing (20分)
Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition on the topic Where to Live…in the City or the Country. You should write about 120 words (non-English majors) or 150 to 180 words( English majors) and base your composition on the outline below:
1.住在城市和乡村各自的方便之处。
2.两者的不足之处。
3.我的选择。

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